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室内空气消毒你真的会做吗?
来源:http://www.kqjczl.cn    添加日期:2020-03-23 11:54:07    浏览次数:
  针对目前爆发的肺炎,卫生专家指出:“消毒是切断传播途径、控制疫情的重要手段。”
  In response to the current outbreak of pneumonia, health experts pointed out: "disinfection is an important means to cut off the transmission path and control the epidemic situation."
  日常生活中经常使用消毒剂,容易刺激呼吸道,损害肠道菌群,影响家庭成员的健康。因此,当室内消毒不适宜时,也会给人体带来健康风险。(除甲醛)
  Disinfectants are often used in daily life, which are easy to stimulate the respiratory tract, damage the intestinal flora and affect the health of family members. Therefore, when indoor disinfection is not appropriate, it will also bring health risks to the human body. (except formaldehyde)
  目前市场上的消毒产品按作用部位分为以下两类:
  At present, the disinfection products on the market are divided into the following two categories according to the action parts:
  对内部遗传物质核酸的直接作用:紫外线消毒
  Direct effect on internal genetic material nucleic acid: ultraviolet disinfection
  灭活蛋白:大多数化学消毒剂,高温
  Inactivated proteins: most chemical disinfectants, high temperature
  蛋白质失活主要是通过加热、脱水、氧化、盐碱化、脱氨、改变电荷等方式改变和破坏其二级或三级结构。
  Protein inactivation mainly changes and destroys the secondary or tertiary structure by heating, dehydration, oxidation, salinization, deamination, changing charge and so on.
  乙醇对新型冠状病毒有效,因为它能杀死包膜病毒。
  Ethanol is effective against novel coronavirus, because it can kill enveloped viruses.
  具体来说,酒精具有一定的脂溶性。根据“相似相溶”原理,可以破坏由磷脂双分子层组成的脂质包膜。与此同时,当接触到病毒包膜表面的糖蛋白时,这些蛋白会被脱水和变性,从而使病毒失活。
  Specifically, alcohol has certain fat solubility. According to the principle of "similar dissolving", the lipid envelope composed of phospholipid bilayer can be destroyed. At the same time, when contacted with glycoproteins on the surface of the virus envelope, these proteins will be dehydrated and denatured, thus inactivating the virus.
  然而,在酒精消毒中也存在一些安全隐患,如使用酒精时不要靠近热源,也不要直接向空气中喷射,以免发生火灾;请勿在衣物上喷酒精,以免静电引起火警;消毒电器表面时,应注意切断电源,待酒精挥发后再使用。
  However, there are also some safety hazards in alcohol disinfection, such as not close to the heat source when using alcohol, and not directly spray into the air to avoid fire; do not spray alcohol on clothes to avoid static electricity causing fire; when disinfecting the surface of electrical appliances, attention should be paid to cut off the power supply, and use it after alcohol volatilization.
济南装修污染治理
  另一种的消毒剂是含氯消毒剂。
  Another famous disinfectant is chlorine disinfectant.
  所有含氯消毒剂都有一个共同点——它们溶于水,形成次氯酸(HClO),这是一种具有杀菌活性的物质。
  All chlorine containing disinfectants have one thing in common - they dissolve in water to form hypochlorous acid (HClO), a substance with bactericidal activity.
  次氯酸分子量小,氧化性强。与新型冠状病毒接触后,首先氧化其包膜蛋白使其变性,同时破坏其蛋白外壳,使其失去蛋白交联作用,从而进一步破坏生物酶系统和遗传基因,使其失活。
  Hypochlorite has small molecular weight and strong oxidation. After contacting with the novel coronavirus, it first oxidized its envelope protein to make it denatured, and destroyed its protein shell, which made it lose protein crosslinking, thereby further destroying the biological enzyme system and genetic gene, and inactivating it.
  虽然含氯消毒剂不像酒精消毒剂那样容易引起火灾和损坏电器,但也存在安全隐患。
  Although chlorine containing disinfectants are not as easy to cause fire and damage electrical appliances as alcohol disinfectants, there are also potential safety hazards.
  含氯消毒剂一般都有一定的刺激性,在配置和包装时应戴好口罩和手套,做好防护工作;含氯消毒剂有强氧化作用,贮存时应避免高温,远离火源,远离儿童;含氯消毒剂应避免接触金属物体和有色衣物,以免腐蚀或褪色。(除甲醛)
  Chlorine containing disinfectants are generally irritant. Masks and gloves should be worn and protective work should be done when they are configured and packaged. Chlorine containing disinfectants have strong oxidizing effect. When they are stored, they should be kept away from high temperature, fire and children. Chlorine containing disinfectants should be kept away from metal objects and non-ferrous clothing to avoid corrosion or fading. (except formaldehyde)
  对于很多企业来说,自己动手消毒存在效率低、不安全、不等问题,选择的消毒机构能够完美地解决这类问题,是室内环境迅速达到安全标准。
  For many enterprises, there are problems such as low efficiency, unsafe and unprofessional in self-made disinfection. Choosing a professional disinfection organization can solve these problems perfectly, which is that the indoor environment quickly reaches the safety standard.
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